Asia cruises: Why it may just be your best bet

These tours lean toward round-ups of the heavy-hitting attractions in each city.  They’re pricey, but there’s no easier way to explore Asia than to leave the planning to the cruise line.

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Cruise ship in Hong Kong. Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, Royal Caribbean, Costa Cruises, Oceania, and Azamara offer similar sailings, as do many of the luxury lines, including Crystal, Silversea, Seabourn, and Regent Seven Seas Cruises. In addition,  several river cruise lines–including Viking River Cruises, Uniworld, and Avalon Waterways–have also begun offering sailings in Asia as well.

If you want to take on a little more of the planning yourself, you can book the cruise, then do independent research on what you want to see in each port and either plan your own day of activities or hire a local guide to lead you around, offer insight, and serve as translator.

But the price you pay for convenience is a loss in that complete authentic experience.

While devotees of Asian cuisine may be frustrated by the disconnect between the location and the fare, most passengers seem to get their fill of sampling, say, banh mi, ramen, sushi, or pad Thai at lunchtime in port, and are comforted to see familiar American and Continental dishes–such as steak frites, gnocchi with pesto, and rotisserie-style chicken –on the menu in the dining room each night.

An Asian cruise is not like staying in local hotels as part of a tour operator’s package. Some of the appeal to taking a cruise in Asia is that these trips tend to be longer, (Reuters)

The same lack of local flavor can be said about the entertainment.  On sea days, there are well-attended afternoon teas, along with bridge, trivia competitions, and bingo tournaments. While you may have the occasional Asian meal, this can be followed by Caribbean or Italian cuisine.  Breakfast, too, sticks to the familiar options of omelets and other egg dishes, oatmeal, yogurt, pancakes and waffles, and baked goods. The ships’ interior design feels more like a traditional Continental hotel than an Asian one, and food choices are more Western than Asian.

While some might balk at the lack of cultural immersion, there’s no denying that these cruises open this part of the world up to older travelers–some are in their 40s and 50s, but most are in their 60s, 70s, and 80 and mostly retired or partially retired–who may otherwise find travel here preventatively daunting.

Cruises can simplify a trip to the region -which is why CruiseCritic.com cited Asia itineraries as a major trend last year.

Whether you handoff the planning or do it yourself, once onboard you’ll find historians that offer sea-day lectures that provide insight into the culture that unfurls each day as you walk down the gangway.

So, the dream about visiting Thailand’s giant Reclining Buddha or Myanmar’s royal city of Mandalay can become a reality. 

Flights are costly and long, and navigating local languages and internal workings -like accommodations and transportation– of some of these less developed countries can prove too much -even for the seasoned traveler.

For Americans, traveling in Asia is typically not what we think of as Travel 101.

. And cruisers miss the local haunts frequented by backpackers and the chance to blend into the crowd at, say, a night market. 

And now there are more options for Americans than ever. It’s an amazingly efficient way to check off unforgettable bucket list locations–from seeing the Golden Buddha in Bangkok to eating sushi at Tokyo’s Tsukiji Market.

One of the benefits of choosing a line with smaller ships, such as Azamara and Oceania, is the added convenience of cruising right into the center of many cities–such as in Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Bangkok–where larger vessels have to dock at bigger terminals on the outskirts of town.

Some of the appeal is that these trips tend to be longer and are stackable, so many cruisers with the time and disposable income book two or even three back-to-back sailings so that they can see even more of the region.

For travelers looking for the simplest, advance-planning trip possible, reserve flights through the airline, and wait until you get on board the ship to choose from the line’s shore excursions. There’s not a bowl of congee or steamer basket of dim sum-style dumplings anywhere onboard.

The itineraries are rich and interesting: On Oceania’s Nautica and Insignia, for example, which both spend a big chunk of the winter and spring months in Asia, you can sail into, say, Tokyo, and continue on to several other Japanese ports before visiting Taiwan, Hong Kong, several ports in Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand before flying home from Bangkok. During the evening, there is no kabuki-style theater or Cantonese opera.  Instead, it’s mainly Broadway show tunes and comedy acts performed by high-energy American entertainers

Succeeding in China — where 91% of the 34K mobile games released since October have failed

NG points out that one good way to stand apart from the crowd — at least at this point in time — is to make games for women.

Around nine out of 10 (91 percent) of all games released in China fail to find an audience, 21Pink executive director Calvin NG explained to GamesBeat. By the end of that year, however, women gamers grew to make up around 38 percent. 21Pink is a social-casino game publisher in China, and NG gave a presentation at the Casual Connect conference to share what his team has learned. “It’s all about the behavior of the people.”

For all of GamesBeat’s E3 2015 coverage, click here.

 

The Casual Games Association paid for Jeff Grubb’s trip to Casual Connect Asia, where he presented a lecture. And China is a gaming market that, while huge, is probably still not worth focusing on for many developers. That’s a lot of people who are still fresh to the mobile scene, and developers could try to latch onto them as it’s less likely that they have hardened gaming tastes.

“Chinese people like gambling elements,” said NG.

But gambling and competitive mechanics are only the minimum requirements for appealing to a Chinese audience. It’s highly competitive, and even if a game does start making money, the majority of the revenues go to the publisher and the distribution channel.

Even if your game isn’t related to wagering or gambling, NG says that Chinese players are more likely to respond to an app if it features some sort of game of chance in it. NG explained that the high failure rate for mobile games in China is due to the way the publisher system works. Such as jackpots or scratch cards to win something.”

“If you target women for e-commerce, they’re already spending more money,” he said. “You should definitely add gambling to your game. But publishers are very demanding, and they won’t support a game for more than around three to four weeks before giving up on it if it doesn’t start bringing in the cash.

China is enormous for smartphone gaming, but that’s led to developers oversaturating the app stores in the world’s most populous nation.

“This market is really related to the culture,” she said. To facilitate this, most successful Chinese mobile games have chat where people can talk smack — and many games are even adding live video so people can really jaw at one another.

But at the same time, women are still spending less than men on a per-person average, but NG doesn’t think that is permanent.. Our coverage remains objective.

“We have an increasing female audience,” said NG.

At the start of 2014 in China, women only made up a quarter of the people gaming on mobile. For a game to succeed, it almost certainly needs a publisher capable of making deals to release it on the various Android distribution channels. So NG talked about a few ways developers can maximize their chances.

This is something that Juan Li, project manager at publisher Portal2China, explained to GamesBeat that this is why many Western games simply won’t work in China.

Even if developers do take some of this advice, nothing is guaranteed. “So maybe the trend could really change in mobile so that they are spending more on virtual items as well.”

A few companies, like Kick9, are trying to eliminate the need for publishers by offering distribution services without taking over the entire game, but — for now — the Chinese market’s barriers are too high for most developers to go it alone. These same players also enjoy more competitive games and enjoy going head-to-head.

In Li’s own presentation at Casual Connect, she said very plainly that behavior is all about going head-to-head with other players and beating them

Potent Drugs Being Sold as Heroin Kill Nine

But he also knows that every news report might serve as a commercial for drug dealers.

“You being careful out there? You know, there’s some bad dope,” Brown said Monday as a steady stream of drug users approached for snacks, condoms and bleach kits to clean their needles.

Like Krips, 32, they are intrigued by the possibility of a powerful new high.

“If I tell someone I OD’d, they’re coming to find that bag,” said Gamble, who goes through seven or eight bags of heroin a day.

It was more like: I have to get some of that stuff.

“It’s like Russian roulette,” said addict Michelle Galante, 28, of Swedesboro, “just like any drug.”

Authorities arrested 11 heroin users in Camden last week in an effort to track the drugs back to the dealers and their suppliers. And while authorities are warning people to stay away from the stuff, they are afraid some junkies are drawing the wrong lesson.

After Ellen Krips’ cousin died of an overdose of extremely potent drugs last week, the heroin addict’s first thought was not how she could avoid the bad junk.

“Will this make the drug abusers go out particularly looking for the stronger stuff?” he asked. With major airports and seaports nearby, Philadelphia, New Jersey and New York dealers are known to sell heroin in highly pure forms.

Warnings from police, counselors and news outlets have had the opposite effect on some addicts.

Johnny “J.B.” Brown, a drug counselor who cruises the streets of this impoverished city in an RV, offering HIV tests and other services for drug users and prostitutes, has been trying to warn users.

Investigators are trying to determine exactly what is in the stuff, which is being sold as heroin under such names as “Flatline” and “Capone.” Since Friday, about 70 people have been hospitalized.

William Gamble, 40, said he was sickened last week. But they said stuff so strong that it kills is impossible to resist. And even if they wanted to avoid the bad stuff, they might not be able to, since it is never clear which bag might contain fentanyl or some other deadly substance.. It is used to treat chronic pain and as anesthesia for open-heart surgery. His wife was not affected.

Medical experts say fentanyl, which has been harming Chicago-area addicts for a few months and has shown up mixed with heroin in Cleveland and elsewhere this year, can cause breathing problems and make users feel as if they are suffocating.

Some public health officials estimate that 10,000 people in the Philadelphia area are addicted to heroin. By Tuesday, those dealers had not been found.

A bad batch of drugs for sale on the streets of Philadelphia and southern New Jersey has killed at least nine heroin users over the past two weeks. Hours after a state trooper warned him that “Flatline” was dangerous, Gamble bought three, $10 doses of “Capone.” He, his wife and another man shot up in an abandoned house.

Tests done in one community show that what was sold as heroin was mostly fentanyl, a drug 80 times more powerful than morphine. The men passed out quickly, but both survived and were not hospitalized

No-commission baccarat: a sure bet in Asia?

If you think about it, I think that makes sense,” he added.

“The longer a game goes without a Dragon 7, the more excited players become, and the more money they bet on the Dragon 7,” Mr Powell told us.

Mr Powell also argues the EZ Baccarat game – whether in live dealer table form or live multi game form – offers fresh excitement for players because its proposition bet is integral to the game. EZ Baccarat is usually run in its live table, live dealer version in so-called ‘face up’ format. It’s really a new operating system for the game of baccarat. The standard baccarat shoe normally contains eight decks of cards. It’s not really a new game. But Mr Powell says in that scenario the maths of the game is tweaked in such a way that the inbuilt house commission is pushed up to 5.88 percent – nearly 20 percent higher than with EZ Baccarat.

LT Game deal

Robin Powell (pictured) of Las Vegas-based Talisman Group LLC is co-creator – with Francisco Tejeda – of a proprietary no-commission system for baccarat, called EZ Baccarat.

The theoretical house edge on baccarat – when calculated on a blended basis to account for the differing odds on ‘banker’, ‘player’ and ‘tie’ bets – is generally accepted to range from 1.26 percent to 1.35 percent when the commission rule is factored, according to an industry research paper by casino operations expert Andrew MacDonald and the late Bill Eadington, a former economics professor at the University of Nevada, Reno.

No-commission baccarat: a sure bet in Asia?

No-commission baccarat is already well known in the Asian casino industry as offering advantages for both casino operators and players, including more hands per hour and the elimination of commission calculation errors.

On April 9, Canadian gaming supplier DEQ Systems Corp, the distributor of EZ Baccarat, announced a cross-border partnership with LT Game Ltd, chaired by Macau entrepreneur Jay Chun. But the players like that feeling of not seeing that commission being taken from their winning bets. That is stratospheric compared to the 8 to 1 payout available on a ‘tie’ result – the least common result of the three standard baccarat outcomes.

By removing the need for commission calculation, the EZ Baccarat live dealer game claims to have far more hands per hour – between 50 percent and 70 percent more depending on a number of variables including the skill and training of the dealer – making the house management happier. That was the genesis of the move to the LT Game Live Multi Game platform,” said Mr Powell.

“The Super 6 version of the game has been very successful in Macau in the early years [following market liberalisation],” Mr Powell told us.

“We predict it’s going to be less successful as the players become repeat customers. The players are also happier, as commission errors are the most likely dealer mistake they face. In that case the cards are dealt face up – not face down allowing the player to ‘squeeze’ them as occurs in the traditional Asian casino version. With Super 6, because you have to pay half a bet, rather than just ‘pushing’ [barring payment] on a bet, it still slows the game down.”

In Macau, EZ Baccarat’s live table game was launched at Wynn Macau in May 2009. That’s the way we look at it, and how we talk to our clients about it,” stated Robin Powell.

Growth category. He also explained why his product can work not only on live tables but also on electronic table formats, where commission is normally calculated automatically.

“The terminal game isn’t going to be any faster with EZ Baccarat, because the question of commission errors is already removed by the automated nature of the terminal game. Although Dragon 7 should statistically occur two times per shoe, it might not.

There is already a non-proprietary version of no-commission live table baccarat that casinos can get for free.

Another way to express house edge for baccarat is that for every HKD100 (US$12.90) bet (Hong Kong dollars being the currency used for most Macau casino games) the house will get to keep between HKD1.26 and HKD1.35.

May 14, 2015

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Live multi game – which is defined by Macau’s gaming regulator as a game category not unique to one manufacturer – was the only major casino game product category in Macau to show a year-on-year improvement in gross gaming revenue (GGR) in the first quarter of 2015.

Baccarat maths

“We have been told that – based on research that electronic table manufacturers have done – the players prefer not to play commission baccarat even on an automated game because they see it removing 5 percent from their bankroll on every winning ‘banker’ bet,” stated Mr Powell.

EZ Baccarat bars the payout on a specific ‘banker’ bet winning result known as a ‘three-card seven’ – i.e., a bank winner with score of seven from three cards. Under it, EZ Baccarat will be available on LT Game’s Live Multi Game (LMG) systems worldwide. The face up method maximises the speed advantage of the game.

The live multi game category produced 6.3 percent GGR growth in the first three months, from an admittedly modest base. Regular players eventually work out the game is winning money from them too quickly. Theoretically this result should occur about twice per shoe. LT Game will also distribute the traditional live table game version of EZ Baccarat in Asia Pacific.

He told GGRAsia in an interview why he thinks his firm’s version of no-commission baccarat is the most attractive for players and casinos.

Mr Powell – now an industry consultant – learnt table games from the ground up as a dealer in casinos in southern Africa; before eventually moving to work in operations management in Las Vegas.

Super 6 – in some markets called Punto 2000 – works by halving the winning payout on a successful banker bet achieved with a score of six – a result that normally happens about five times a shoe. Revenue from such products rose to MOP537 million (US$67.3 million), compared to MOP505 million in the year-prior period.

“It’s one of the few gaming floor creations where all the stakeholders like the result [the product]. Our game doesn’t do that, and our game is faster. The dealers are happier too as they are under lighter pressure than with the commission version, said Mr Powell.

He explained: “When we came to invent our game system, we were very clear that we wanted to be able to look the player straight in the eye and say ‘This is better for you than regular 5 percent commission baccarat.’”

“One [Macau] operator said we have all these terminals from LT Game – we’d like to have EZ Baccarat on them. By removing the payout on this particular bet, the mathematics of the game are ‘tweaked’ in such a way that a 5 percent commission system is built into the game and doesn’t need to be worked out for every winning banker hand.

To offset any player disappointment on the barred payout (also known as a ‘push’) on banker three-card seven, with EZ Baccarat there is the option of a proposition bet called the ‘Dragon 7′ that offers a 40 to 1 payout. By stakeholders I mean the casino, the players and the dealers – the people that actually do the work.”

“A lot of people say EZ Baccarat is a new game, like three-card poker

Are ‘Mini-Nukes’ The New Big Thing?

A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. ET Sunday.

AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak

Copyright 2003 CBS. D. According to Sen. wants to stop proliferation.

Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”

Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.

The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.

But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.

Testing — The U.S.

However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile.

At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.

The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”. Nelson.

“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”

But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.

But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.

Last year, the U.S. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.

CBSNews.com’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:

Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).

Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.

By Jarrett Murphy

The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.

Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. All rights reserved.

A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”

CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.

Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”

The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.

The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.

The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.

“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.

The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. arsenal. In the modern U.S.

“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep

RN administered 125 mg of Benadryl to two-year-old: case on point: K. D. v. Adrianne Chambers, RN, 49A04-1010-C T-636 (7/13/201 l)-IN.

The

Plaintiffs filed a Proposed Complaint with the Indiana Department of

Insurance. has continued to suffer from a

tremor that Plaintiffs claim was proximately caused by the overdose. will suffer from is disingenuous. The Defendants’ motions were granted. The Plaintiffs raised the issue of whether the

trial court abused its discretion when it; 1) granted Defendants’

motion to exclude all expert testimony by toxicologist Daniel McCoy.

Ph.D., on the grounds that he was not qualified to offer expert medical

testimony: 2.) granted Defendants’ motion in limine to exclude

evidence that Campbell suffered negligent infliction of emotional

distress, on the grounds that no such claim had been properly pleaded;

and 3) granted the Defendants’ motion in limine to exclude evidence

of breaches of the standard of care, other than the overdose of

Benadryl, that were not presented to the medical review panel. Since then. All rights reserved.

LEGAL COMMENTARY: The error which the nurse involved in this case

is not an unusual type of error. K.D. However, the court

reversed the trial court’s ruling to exclude evidence of the

allegedly improper rate at which the Benadryl W88 administered, and

remanded the case back to the trial court with instructions to issue a

revised order in limine consistent with the opinion of the court.

COPYRIGHT 2011 Medical Law Publishing

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. However, there is not a scintilla of an excuse for the error made. This case

illustrates why we have appellate courts, to right the wrongs of the

lower courts when the lower courts have failed to reach the correct

result on the law to be applied to the facts of the particular case.

Indeed, the Plaintiffs were fortunate that their counsel took an

interlocutory appeal. received other improper doses of

medication besides Benadryl, to the extent the Plaintiffs sought to

offer this claimed fact as an additional breach of the standard of”

care, which was not presented to the Review Panel. McCoy

and any reference to the fact that the dosage error was the cause of

permanent injury.

COURTS OPINION: The Court of Appeals of Indiana reversed the trial

court’s grant of the Defendants’ motion to exclude Dr.

McCoy’s expert testimony. The proposed complaint alleged that Nurse Chambers and the

hospital were negligent and breached the standard of care by failing to

administer the proper dosage of Benadryl which direct!) caused

K.D.’s condition. The court affirmed the trial court’s

ruling to exclude evidence that K. and Campbell (Plaintiffs) brought an

interlocutory appeal from the trial court’s grant of pretrial evidentiary motions by Adrianne Chambers, RN, and Riley Children’s

Hospital (Defendants). K.D. to the ER at Riley Children’s hospital

after he sustained a bump to his head. Such errors are made typically in cases

in which a decimal point is involved. K.D. K.D. However pursuant to the instructions of the

appellate court, the trial court will be required to follow the

appellate court’s directive on remand.

CASE FACTS: Michelle Campbell observed her two-year-old child.

K.D., suffer a reaction from an overdose of Benadry I and filed suit on

behalf of K.D. was hospitalized overnight, treated, and

released the next day. The Department found that the error resulted in a

temporary condition and was not the proximate cause of K.D.’s

permanent injuries Subsequently, the Defendants filed motions consistent

with the ruling of the Department to preclude the testimony of Dr. After the proposed

complaint was presented to a medical review panel, the case was

scheduled for a jury trial. K.D.,

who had no history of tremors before the error in dosage, and who,

within a short time after the nurse erred in administering approximately

ten times the accepted dosage of Benadryl, had a severe reaction to the

overdose that he was left with tremors, which he will, more likely than

not have for the rest of his life cannot be overlooked as the

Defendants, the Review Panel and the Trial Court would all have done but

for the judgment rendered by the appellate court in this case. D. soon exhibited a reaction to the overdose, his

body shaking “as if a seizure.” K.D. Nurse

Chambers administered an excessive dose of 125 milligrams, when the

medically indicated dose for a child of K.D.’s size and age was

12.5 milligrams. Obviously, the rulings of the trial court would

have set the stage for judgment for the Defendants on virtually all of

the key issues in the case. Nurses must never underestimate the

importance of the correct dosage in each case, particularly when a child

is involved. Retrospectively, hind sight being 20 /20, one might find it

almost inconceivable that any competent nurse could make such an error.

The contention that the error in dosage was not the proximate cause of

the permanent tremors which K.D. and herself for medical malpractice. On May 9,

1995, Campbell took K.D. had never reacted to

Benadryl in such a manner. Campbell watched as Nurse

Chambers administered an intravenous dose of Benadryl to K.D. The

Plaintiffs filed an interlocutory appeal.

Quality of warhead triggers questioned

For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

Because the United States no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. Such approval means they are ready to use.

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.

In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction

The Impending Dangers of Nuclear War: America’s W88 Thermonuclear Warhead is 30 Times a Hiroshima Bomb | Global Research

How can we ever be sure that some deranged psychopath will not gain power in one of the nuclear states and deceive him/herself into believing that it is in their best interests to make a first strike? How can we ever be sure that some terrorist organisations will not hack into the electronic control systems and carry out the launching themselves? And we now know that even a small nuclear exchange could be a lethal threat to everyone on the planet. Getting rid of them will take courageous leadership by states but such leadership will have the support of civil society. The huge burgeoning of awareness in the citizens of the world is bearing fruit.

3.     http://www.psr.org/chapters/washington/energy-and-peace/trident.html

The Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in Nayarit, Mexico, on 13 and 14 February 2014. He called for a ‘legally binding instrument’ and declared that the, ‘time has come to initiate a diplomatic process conducive to this goal. The existence of nuclear weapons means they could be used by accident, by misunderstanding or by malicious intent. As we discuss the statistics and strategies of ‘nuclear arsenals’ and ‘nuclear deterrence’ it can be hard to keep in mind the reality underlying the abstract discussions. It is time to take action 7.’

6.    http://thebulletin.org/mexico-preview-humanitarian-approach-disarmament

Their brief and nightmarish ascendancy is over. India and Pakistan sent observers.

Notes. It is the turn of the last and most destructive of them all.

The Third Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons will be held in Austria later this year. It is time we ban nuclear weapons.

File:W-88 warhead detail.png

1.     http://www.scribd.com/doc/168600341/Bulletin-of-the-Atomic-Scientists-2013

4.      http://www.good.is/post/what-the-volcano-can-teach-us-about-nuclear-war/

And finally there is hope. She concluded ‘It is time to change the status quo. Ray Acheson, in her closing statement on behalf of ICAN to the Second Conference included the words ‘The claim by some states that they continue to need these weapons to deter their adversaries has been exposed by the evidence presented at this conference and in Oslo as a reckless and unsanctionable gamble with our future’.

After hearing presentations from a wide range of experts on the various effects of nuclear weapon detonations the conference concluded that “it is unlikely that any state or international body could address the immediate humanitarian emergency caused by a nuclear weapon detonation in an adequate manner and provide sufficient assistance to those affected.” Conference members also agreed that the effects of a nuclear weapon detonation will not be constrained by national borders but will produce significant negative regional and global effects6.

 So with these and other major forces at work there is an unstoppable movement towards banning these Armageddon machines. The other four nuclear states(Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea) too are ‘improving’ their arsenals.

Citizens of the world have simultaneously become aware that the nuclear states do not intend to get rid of their nuclear weapons and that their existence imposes a permanent and intolerable threat to us all. What sort of people would do such a thing? What kind of human would threaten such an atrocity?  

2.      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W88

 Furthermore decent people round the globe know that the existence of nuclear weapons is a brooding evil which undermines the moral integrity of humankind.

The W88 is over 30 times more destructive than the bomb which wiped out Hiroshima. We believe this is the path to achieve a world without nuclear weapons’.

The situation is being rendered even more dangerous by the US and Russia who keep 1,800 weapons on high alert atop long-range ballistic missiles that are ready to launch 5 to 15 minutes after receiving an order!

The International Campaign Against Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)8 is a coalition of over 350 organisations in 90 countries. In a limited nuclear war between India and Pakistan 20 million people would die from the nuclear blasts, fires, and radioactive fallout. It included delegations representing 146 States, the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement and civil society organizations.

A single W88 could completely destroy London, Moscow or New York. Is it possible to imagine the degree of paranoia represented by such a standing threat? The UK government has started to spend one hundred billion pounds on rebuilding its Trident fleet of nuclear submarines, each one with the capacity to incinerate over 40 million people. This is being done at a time when many citizens are suffering from inadequate defences against flooding and when the social services are being radically cut back. 

It is ironic that the worst offenders are the five permanent members of the ‘Security’ Council of the United Nations. The world has moved on.

She went on to explain that the use against cities of less than one percent of existing weapons would put billions of lives in jeopardy and have a long lasting detrimental  effect on both the planet’s climate and agriculture. The non-nuclear majority which do not feel the need for a lethal ‘security’ crutch have decided to take the initiative. The nuclear states have become a sorry sight. And rather than focus on the numbers and ‘yields’ of the weapons it was wisely decided to concentrate on the effects on humanity of the use of nuclear weapons. Due to ‘…proliferation, the vulnerability of nuclear command and control networks to cyber-attacks and to human error and potential access to nuclear weapons by non-state actors, in particularly terrorist groups’ the risks are ‘growing globally’. It is not easy to face up to the implications of these arsenals especially if you bear the primary responsibility. The other weapons of mass destruction have already been banned. As the great moral leader Desmond Tutu wrote “Nuclear weapons are an obscenity.

The US government has 5 nuclear submarines on patrol at all times carrying 1000 times the destructive power of the Hiroshima bomb3. Our belief is that this process should comprise a specific timeframe, the definition of the most appropriate fora, and a clear and substantive framework, making the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons the essence of disarmament efforts. She insisted that we must act to get rid of them or they will be used by accident, misunderstanding or malicious intent. Humanity owes a great debt to Norway for this initiative.

The powerful summary statement of the conference Chair pointed out that the broad participation of states and civil society reflected the burgeoning awareness that this issue is of the utmost importance to all the peoples of the world. But these 9 are outnumbered by 20 to one. The nuclear states were invited but declined to attend. The next logical development, as the nuclear states continue to deny their obligations to shed their arsenals, is for the non-nuclear states to proceed independently to enact a treaty outlawing these weapons internationally. By focusing attention on the humanitarian consequences of their use they are well on their way to doing so.

Mexico offered to host a follow-up meeting to this conference and such is the vital importance of this approach that other states declared their intention to organise additional events on this subject.

The nine nuclear states have over 10,000 nuclear weapons in their stockpiles1. This is enough to wipe out the entire population of the planet many times over together with all other life forms.

5.    http://wagingpeace.org/articles/db_article.php?article_id=417

This ground-breaking and historic conference was attended by delegates from 127 countries and 70 nongovernmental organizations. The movement for an international ban is unstoppable.

8.    http://www.icanw.org/campaign-news/ican-closing-statement-to-the-second-conference-on-the-humanitarian-impact-of-nuclear-weapons/

The first International Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in 2013. The suffering would be indescribable and for many would go on for months and years before death. 7.    http://www.sre.gob.mx/en/images/stories/cih/ci.pdf

The US, the UK, Russia, China and France are rebuilding or upgrading their arsenals of nuclear weapons. The security of the non-nuclear states is threatened by the irresponsible and self-focused behaviour of the 9 others.

Is this sane? Has the human race lost its senses? A single United States thermonuclear warhead, designated W88, has an estimated ‘yield’ of 475 kilotons2.  The ‘yield’ is the destructive power expressed in tons of TNT equivalent. As awareness of the humanitarian impact grows hearts and minds are being changed worldwide. No emergency services could begin to cope There would be no relief. They are the very antithesis of humanity5…’

There are 9 nuclear states and there are 183 non-nuclear states. These weapons must be outlawed; ‘in the past, weapons have been eliminated after they have been outlawed. Frozen in a realm of outdated thinking which was always inhuman; their leaders frightened and paranoid and prepared to put the survival of humanity in jeopardy simply in order to feel important and powerful as they strut, uncomprehending, on the world stage.

The risks of ‘accidental, mistaken, unauthorised or intentional use is growing significantly due to more countries holding weapons on higher levels of combat readiness’. Each bomb on a major city would kill millions of people; women, children, babies, old people, everyone. And the fallout would have global consequences that would kill millions of people, disrupt climate patterns, and threaten global agricultural collapse4.

The only remedy is an enforced world ban on the existence of nuclear weapons. They have had 69 years to get rid of their nuclear weapons while all that the citizens of the world hear from them are windy speeches around purported good intentions which never come to fruition